MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 96, 2017III International Symposium “Fundamental Aspects of Rare-Earth Elements Exploration, Mining and Separation and Modern Materials Engineering” (REE-2016)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||19 January 2017|
Extractive Separation of Scandium from Rare Earth Elements
Al-Farabi Kazakhstan National University, Almaty, Kazakhstan
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The extractive separation of scandium and rare earth metals (REM) was studied. The extractants used are trialkylbenzylammonium di-2-ethylhexylphosphate (TABAC-D2EHPA, binary extractant) and trioctylphosphine oxide (TOPO). The effect of concentration and nature of mineral acids on the scandium recovery was studied. Changing the HNO3 concentration in the range of 0.01 – 2.0 mol/L does not affect the extraction of metals by binary extractant, extraction corresponds to the following row: La, Eu, Gd < Tb <Y < Er < Yb < Sc, Th, that allows to separate scandium from rare earth metals by single extraction. Extraction of scandium by trioctylphosphineoxide from HCl solution proceeds quantitatively in the range of 0.5 – 7.0 mol/L, an increased HNO3 concentration leads to the decrease in scandium extraction. The conditions for the extractive separation of scandium and REM using TOPO solution were determined: scandium can be isolated selectively at the HNO3 concentration of 0.5 mol/L REM are transferred into the organic phase at the HNO3 concentration of 5.0 mol/L. It was determined that the organic phase extracts the compounds of the following composition: (ScA3 + R3R′NCl) (HA - D2EHPA, R3R'NCl - TABAC) and [Sc(NO3)3·3TOPO].
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.