MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 143, 2018IV International Young Researchers Conference “Youth, Science, Solutions: Ideas and Prospects” (YSSIP-2017)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||08 January 2018|
Hardened cement paste microstructure as the main factor of concrete durability
South Ural State University, 454080 Chelyabinsk, Russia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
When studying durability of concrete the main emphasis is put on its resistance to frost, water and sulphate, which depends on type, dispersion and stability of cement hydration products. The paper focuses on interrelation between strength, open porosity and peculiarities of microstructure of hydrated phases and their crystallization tendency under cyclic and chemical actions. In order to find out these dependences, the following parameters were defined in compliance with standards: open porosity of concrete by water absorption, compressive and tensile strength in bending, frost resistance and sulphate resistance. Methods applied in the research are X-ray diffraction analysis and scanning electron microscopy. The most promising structure of hardened cement paste for obtaining modern paving concrete is the one formed by weakly crystallized gel phases of type C-S-H(I) which are resistant to crystallization and provide stability and durability of concrete. One of the most used methods to obtain such structure is addition of compounds containing activated pozzolanic materials and superplasticizers.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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