MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 133, 2017BulTrans-2017 – 9th International Scientific Conference on Aeronautics, Automotive and Railway Engineering and Technologies
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Section||Railway Engineering and Technologies|
|Published online||07 November 2017|
Design solutions for structures with optimal internal stress distribution
Ukrainian State University of Railway Transport, Structural Mechanics and Hydraulics Department, 7 Feuerbach Sq., 61050 Kharkiv, Ukraine
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The development of transport infrastructure, reconstruction of roads and railways, together with growing urban traffic necessitate the construction of new bridges and/or the reconstruction of existing ones. The primary objective of design is obtaining a reasonable system in compliance with the requirements for stress-strain state: equal strength or equal torque, maximum rigidity or minimum weight of the structure. In the paper, the object of optimization is the design of a three-span girder bridge of a specified length under the constant load. The sets of both statically determinate and statically indeterminate systems are considered, namely: three-span hinged girders in which the hinge joints are located in the end spans or middle span, and three-span continuous girders on unilateral supports or on resilient supports. Two variable design parameters are taken into account: the length of each end span z1 and the position of the hinges x for the statically determinate systems, and the displacement of support assemblies joints Δ or the value that affects the displacement, i.e. flexibility of yielding supports c for the statically indeterminate ones. The authors proved that there are optimal solutions in the set of statically indeterminate systems both with unilateral and with elastic constraints.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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