MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 111, 2017Fluids and Chemical Engineering Conference (FluidsChE 2017)
|Number of page(s)||3|
|Section||Advances in Chemical and Environmental Engineering|
|Published online||20 June 2017|
Pre-dispersing Process of Montmorillonite by Water and Toluene: Influence on Thermal Properties of Ethylene Vinyl Acetate / Montmorillonite Nanocomposites
1 Center of Excellence Geopolymer and Green Technology (CEGeoGTech), School of Materials Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Arau, Perlis, 02600, Malaysia
2 Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, India
3 Faculty of Engineering Technology, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Kampus UniCITI, S. Chuchuh, Padang Besar, Perlis, Malaysia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Organanically modified montmorillonite (organo-MMT) was incorporated into ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA) copolymer to improve its thermal stability. A processing procedure, the so called ‘predispersing’ process of the organo-MMT was introduced prior to melt compounding process of both constituents in order to facilitate the nanofiller dispersion in the EVA matrix. Water and toluene were used as pre-dispersing medium, while magnetic stirring and ultrasonication were utilized as pre-dispersing method. The effects of pre-dispersing medium and method on thermal behaviour of neat EVA and EVA nanocomposites were analysed. It was anticipated that improvement in organo-MMT dispersion would enhance the matrix-nanofiller interactions, thereby the thermal properties of the resultant EVA/MMT nanocomposite. Based on thermal studies by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), the organo-MMT nanofiller pre-dispersed by ultrasonication in water medium for 2 minutes (MMT(W)2m–u) resulted in most significant thermal stabilizing effect to the EVA copolymer. This was due to the significant improvement in the organo-MMT dispersion when the above mentioned pre-dispersing parameters were employed. Apparently, the result indicates that the high temperature behaviour of the nanocomposite can be affected by the strength of interphase interactions between the matrix and nanofiller which is also influenced by the dispersion of the organo-MMT.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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