MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 111, 2017Fluids and Chemical Engineering Conference (FluidsChE 2017)
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Section||Advances in Chemical and Environmental Engineering|
|Published online||20 June 2017|
Surfactant-less Sol-Gel Technique for the Synthesis of Mg-ZnO Nanoparticle
1 Faculty of Industrial Sciences & Technology, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Gambang, 26300 Pahang, Malaysia
2 EDP Sciences, Production Department, 91944 Les Ulis Cedex A, France
In this study, sol–gel technique has been used to prepare nanoparticle Mg doped ZnO with 2 wt. % at low pH without using any capping or surfactant agent. The Mg-ZnO nanostructure, surface area and porosity, surface morphology and element analysis was analyzed by X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Fourier Transforms Infra-Red (FTIR), N2 Physisorption and Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (FESEM-EDX). The characterizations confirmed that the surfactant is not necessary for sol-gel synthesis technique, whereby highly crystalline material with smaller crystallite size (30nm) and high surface area (21.7) was obtained. Besides, the synthesis approach is useful for accurately immobilized the required amount of Mg as doping element on ZnO material with the accuracy up to 99.5% confirmed through EDX analysis.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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