MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 97, 2017Engineering Technology International Conference 2016 (ETIC 2016)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||01 February 2017|
Effect Of Flow Resistance In Open Rectangular Channel
1 Faculty of Civil Engineering and Environmental, Department of Water Engineering and Environment, University Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400 Parit Raja, Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia
2 Faculty of Civil Engineering and Environmental, Department of Water Engineering and Environment, University Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400 Parit Raja, Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The determination of flow resistance for open channels remains a challenge in practices. In this research, an experimental study was carried out to investigate the hydraulic roughness characteristics in an open channel. The experimental flume (10 m length, 0.30 m width and 0.46 height) was carried out with two conditions ; contain gravel bed and without gravel bed (as controller). Blocks of concrete foam were fabricated and laid on the bed surface for providing uniformly roughened along the open channel. A velocity flow meter was used to quantify the average velocity, and other parameters such as cross-section, hydraulic radius, wetted perimeter, and channel slopes were also calculated. Finally, the flow resistance, n obtained using the flume with gravel bed surface is higher than the flume without gravel bed surface. The flow conditions were declared as subcritical as the Froude number is less than 1 for both conditions in the flume. As a conclusion, it was identified that the hydraulic roughness n, was influenced by the type bed roughness, flow rate and channel slope.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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