Thermo-Physical Properties of Kenaf-Filled Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene Composites
1 Department of Physics, Bogor Agricultural University, 16680 Bogor, Indonesia
2 Department of Geophysics Engineering, Sepuluh November Institute of Technology, 60111 Surabaya, Indonesia
3 Department of Forest Products Technology, Bogor Agricultural University, 16680 Bogor, Indonesia
4 Research Center for Physics, Indonesian Institute of Sciences, 15310 Serpong , Indonesia
Studies on advantageous of natural fillers incorporated into polymer composites on thermo-physical and mechanical properties are still intensively investigated. Several evidences suggest that the natural fillers with small contents combined with polymer increase their composite properties. We thus investigate thermo-physical properties of kenaf-filled acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) composites. ABS with 5% kenaf microparticle size (ABS/K5), ABS with 5% kenaf short fiber (ABS/KSF5), and recycled ABS with 5% kenaf microparticle size (RABS/K5) were manufactured. Granular composites were manufactured by the twin screw extruder. Composite properties in terms of X-ray diffractions, surface morphologies, and thermal behaviors were investigated. The present work found that ABS/KSF5 has the highest degree of crystallinity compared to others. No significant difference was found in terms of thermal properties of the composites.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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