MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 373, 202210th edition of the International Multidisciplinary Symposium “UNIVERSITARIA SIMPRO 2022”: Quality and Innovation in Education, Research and Industry – the Success Triangle for a Sustainable Economic, Social and Environmental Development
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Published online||20 December 2022|
Influence of current direction in longitudinal ventilated road tunnels on the backflow of combustion Produits
1 Georgian Technical University, Labor Safety and Emergency Management Department, Tbilisi, Kostava Street, 77, Georgia
2 University of Petrşani, Department of Mechanical, Industrial and Transport Engineering Petroşani, Universităţii Street 20, Romania
3 G. Tsulukidze Mining Institute, Research Center for Engineering Developments and Design, Tbilisi, Mindeli Street 7, Georgia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The results of numerical modeling in longitudinal ventilated sloping road tunnels are given. The slope of the tunnels varies in the range of 0-6%. The geometry of the tunnel is as follows: length: 100 m; width: 8 m; height: 6 m; area of the seat of fire: 16 m2. The seat of fire sized: 2.75x5.8x1.5 m is in the central part of the tunnel. The scenarios of development of 5, 10, 20, 30, 50 MW fires are studied in the case of positive and negative directional ventilation flows. The time of modelling was 120 seconds. The numerical problems were modelled with a volumetric grid method. The grid cell dimensions were: 0.5*0.5*0.5 m. Virtual point and volumetric measuring equipment was used to record the modeling results. The modelling used 4 groups of measuring devices that measured and recorded air velocity, temperature, and air and smoke densities. The paper discusses cases of algebraically summarizing the ventilation and fire-induced flows. Based on the results of numerical modeling, we can point out that the widely accepted indices of critical velocity and back-layering length in inclined road tunnels often give erroneous results. Therefore, in strategies for emergency ventilation, indicators such are critical velocity and back-separation should be used with caution.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
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