MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 373, 202210th edition of the International Multidisciplinary Symposium “UNIVERSITARIA SIMPRO 2022”: Quality and Innovation in Education, Research and Industry – the Success Triangle for a Sustainable Economic, Social and Environmental Development
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Published online||20 December 2022|
Technical-scientific considerations regarding the reduction of the explosion effects generated by the explosive materials on persons and industrial and civil objectives
1 National Institute for Research and Development in Mine Safety and Protection to Explosion INSEMEX Petrosani, 32-34 G-ral. Vasile Milea Street, Petroșani, 332047, Romania
2 Nitro Nobel Group, 020011, Bucharest - Romania
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The attenuation is a function of a structural strength and mass of the PES structure. Relatively light or weak structures (or open PES facilities) are assumed to not attenuate any of the pressure or impulse load. These not-attenuating facilities include: Pre-engineered metal building, Hollow clay tile building, Trailer (drop or stand-alone), Tractor-trailer and Bulk/tank truck/Van truck. If there is a barricade present between the PES and the ES and this barricade meets certain criteria, the user can direct the model to reduce the pressure and impulse arriving at the ES because of the presence of the barricade. The fractional damage of the PES structure remaining intact after an explosive event is a function of the equivalent NEW (Net Explosive Weight) and the PES building type. The fractional damage (a value between 0 and 1) of each PES component (roof, front wall, side walls, and rear wall) is determined by comparing the NEW to lower-bound and upper-bound damage limits for the PES types. So, if the NEW is below the lower-bound damage limit value, then the PES structure is assumed to remain totally intact; if the NEW is greater than upper-bound damage limit value, then the PES structure is assumed to be completely destroyed; if the NEW value is between the lower-bound damage limit and upper-bound damage limit, the PES structure is partially or fractionally damaged. If the equivalent NEW is between the two values, an algorithm is used to determine how fast the PES structure transitions from zero damage to full damage as the NEW increases between the lower-bound damage limit and upper-bound damage limit values. This algorithm and all associated parameters are described in the following.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
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