MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 371, 2022International E-Conference on Mechanics, Mechatronics, Materials and Civil Engineering (3MCE’2022)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Published online||30 November 2022|
Extending Mononobe-Okabe theory to account for arbitrary backfill topography and variable density of surcharge
Department STIC, National School of Applied Sciences at Tetouan, University Abdelmalek Essaasi, Tetouan, Morocco
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Coulomb proposed a formula for the static earth pressure acting on a rigid gravity retaining wall supporting a soil. Many researchers have generalized this theory and several analytical studies were achieved regarding the evaluation of seismic action. Following the work of Mononobe and Okabe, investigations have considered cohesive backfill, and with some restrictions the topography of the backfill and the pattern of surcharge acting on its surface. In this work an extension of the Mononobe-Okabe theory was proposed to deal with the most general case of backfill having an arbitrary shape and also vertical surcharge acting with variable density at the ground level. Equilibrium of Coulomb wedge was applied to express the active earth pressure coefficient related to a given orientation of the failure plane. Then, numerical optimization was performed to fix the critical angle providing its maximum value. Parametric studies were conducted after that. It was found that both the upward and downward vertical seismic acceleration should be considered. The obtained results indicate that the backfill surface shape and surcharge density have a significant effect on seismic action. The maximum relative variation of the pressure coefficient with regards to the reference case is however limited to 20%.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
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