MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 369, 202240th Annual Conference - Meeting of the Departments of Fluid Mechanics and Thermomechanics in the connection with XXIII. International Scientific Conference - The Application of Experimental and Numerical Methods in Fluid Mechanics and Energy (40th. MDFMT & XXIII. AEaNMiFMaE-2022)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Current Problems in the Energy|
|Published online||04 November 2022|
Comparison of Performance Parameters of Four Types of Refrigerants
1 Department of Power Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Žilina, Univerzitna 1, 010 26 Žilina, Slovakia
2 Research centre, University of Žilina, Univerzitna 1, 010 26 Žilina, Slovakia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The use of refrigerants requires to meet ecology and legislation requirements. The aim of the legislation is also to reduce the global warming potential (GWP). Natural refrigerants such as carbon dioxide, ammonia, and hydrocarbons such as propane, isobutene, and propylene are used mainly because of their environmental benefits compared to synthetic refrigerants. This work compares two natural refrigerants: R-744 and R-290 and two synthetic refrigerants: R-134a and R-32. All these refrigerants are used mainly in heat pumps. In this work were calculated and compared the following performance parameters: heat rejected in the condenser, cooling power, compressor power, and the coefficient of performance (COP). The most important parameter is the coefficient of performance because when it decreases, electric energy consumption increases. It requires reaching a high value of COP. Further, this work deals with the economic analyses of selected refrigerants. The last aim of this article is their ecologic analysis based on the GWP factor.
Key words: refrigerants / heat pumps / global warming potential coefficient of performance
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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