MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 354, 202210th International Symposium on Occupational Health and Safety (SESAM 2021)
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||06 January 2022|
Considerations regarding Ex d IIB + H2 method of protection for flameproof electrical equipment
National Institute for Research and Development in Mine Safety and Protection to Explosion – INSEMEX Petroșani, 32-34 G-ral. Vasile Milea street, Petroşani, Hunedoara county, Romania.
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The flameproof enclosure type of protection is still one of the safest because it is based on a very simple and, therefore, unlikely fallible technology. If an explosive atmosphere penetrates an enclosure producing a trigger, the explosion occurs, but it remains confined within the enclosure. Engineers settled the concept that, for IIC areas, have to be necessarily used equipment with cylindrical flame paths, which usually feature a round-shape body that make more complicated the construction of panel boards. EN 60079-1 standard, states that flanged flame paths are allowed in the presence of hydrogen, therefore, in recent years, started the production of “Ex d” explosion-proof enclosures which are usable, as well as with gases of Group IIB, even in the presence of hydrogen. This means that the equipment can be used in an environment containing explosive atmosphere with hydrogen. Acetylene is, therefore excluded, but it has to be considered that the environments with the presence of hydrogen are much more frequent than those with acetylene. The purpose of this paper is to assist manufacturers design flameproof equipment that satisfies the requirements of the standard for group IIB and hydrogen applications in order to smooth the path for certification.
© The authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
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