MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 347, 202112th South African Conference on Computational and Applied Mechanics (SACAM2020)
|Number of page(s)||12|
|Published online||23 November 2021|
Discrete element model calibration for industrial raw material simulations
School of Mechanical Engineering, North-West University, Private Bag X1290, Potchefstroom, 2520
The use of computational fluid dynamics in continuous operation industries have become more prominent in recent times. Proposed system improvements through geometric changes or control strategies can be evaluated within a relatively shorter timeframe. Applications for discrete element methods (DEMs) in real life simulations, however, require validated material-calibration-methods. In this paper, the V-model methodology in combination with direct and bulk calibration approaches were followed to determine material model parameters, to simulate real life occurrences. For the bulk calibration approach a test rig with a containment hopper, deflection plate and settling zone was used. Screened material drains from the hopper, interacts with the deflection plate, and then settles at the material angle of repose. A high-speed camera captured material interaction with the rig, where footage was used during simulation validation. The direct measuring approach was used to determine particle size, shape and density, while confirming friction and restitution coefficients determined in the bulk calibration method. The test was repeated and validated for various geometrical changes. Three categories of validation were established, namely particle speed assessment, -trajectory assessment and -plate interaction assessment. In conclusion, the combination of direct and bulk calibration approaches was significant in calibrating the required material model parameters.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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