MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 342, 20219th edition of the International Multidisciplinary Symposium “UNIVERSITARIA SIMPRO 2021”: Quality and Innovation in Education, Research and Industry – the Success Triangle for a Sustainable Economic, Social and Environmental Development”
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Sustainable Environmental Engineering and Protection|
|Published online||20 July 2021|
Long-term stability of the final slopes of the mining waste dumps from Oltenia
University of Petrosani, Department of Environmental Engineering and Geology, University Street, no. 20, Petrosani, Romania
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The waste dumps resulted from the lignite exploitation activities from Oltenia are constructions that reach, in most cases, impressive dimensions and store large volumes of sterile rocks. Usually, the dumps are arranged and ecologically restored, but between the moment of their release from technological tasks and the beginning of the arrangement works, periods of time, measured even in years, can pass. The calculations regarding the geometry of the waste dumps are performed in the design stage, taking into account the mechanical strength characteristics of the mixture of sterile material that forms them, so as to ensure a sufficient stability reserve during the construction period and when the projected storage capacity is achieved. If the arrangement and ecological restoration works do not start immediately after the depositing activity is stopped, the exposure of loose and disaggregated material to the influence of external factors (especially erosion and rainfall infiltration) can lead to landslides with disastrous consequences on natural and anthropogenic objectives located in the influence area. This paper analyzes the stability elements of waste dumps under normal operating conditions, the modification of the strength characteristics over time and the geometry required in the final phase so as to ensure their long-term stability.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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