MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 337, 2021PanAm-Unsat 2021: 3rd Pan-American Conference on Unsaturated Soils
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Tailings and Waste Disposal|
|Published online||26 April 2021|
Numerical investigation of the performance of engineered barriers in reducing flood risk
Imperial College London, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, SW7 2AZ, London, UK
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
In this paper, 2-dimensional, hydro-mechanically coupled finite element analyses are performed to assess the performance of an engineered barrier aimed at reducing flood risk in urban environments. The barrier consists of an unsaturated compacted soil layer and a drainage layer of a coarse granular material, constructed on top of the natural soil, in this case London clay. The barrier is vegetated so that its water storage capacity is renewed after each rainfall event. Sophisticated boundary conditions are used to simulate the effect of precipitation and evapotranspiration. The rainfall water infiltration and the initiation of water run-off during intense precipitation events are simulated. The effect of the hydraulic properties of the unsaturated soil layer on the performance of the system is investigated by means of parametric analyses. The effect of precipitation rate and geometry of the barrier is also discussed. Design recommendations for the properties of the compacted layer and the dimensions of the system are given at the end of the paper.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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