MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 333, 2021The 18th Asian Pacific Confederation of Chemical Engineering Congress (APCChE 2019)
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Published online||08 January 2021|
Potato Arabinogalactan Acts as Prebiotics by A Simple Extraction
Department of Biotechnology and Environmental Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, Kitami Institute of Technology, 165 Koen-cho, Kitami, Hokkaido, 090-8507, Japan.
2 Biotechnology and Food Chemistry Course Program, School of Regional Innovation and Social Design Engineering, Kitami Institute of Technology, 165 Koen-cho, Kitami, Hokkaido, 090-8507, Japan
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The effect of the extracting procedures for potato pulp arabinogalactan were investigated on the growth of gut-microflora by in vitro experiments. Crude saccharides (CS) were prepared by 50 g dried potato pulp suspended in 1 L of pure water. The suspensions were autoclaved at 1211C for 2 h, and filtered by a filter paper. The filtrate were concentrated around 1/4 by a rotary evaporator, and aggregated by 4× volume of ethanol. Dialyzed saccharides (DS) were prepared to dialyzed CS by a dialysis membrane (cut off MW < 10,000). Enzyme-treated saccharides (ES) were prepared to digest CS by a crude amylase, Gruku-Gin (Amano Enzyme) and dialyzed. All saccharides were lyophilized or heat-dried to store. According to size-exclusion chromatography, the molecular distribution of CS were between 400 and 200,000. A peak of oligosaccharides was observed around MW 800. The peak were disappeared in charts of DS and ES. Glucan were occupied 50% in the total amount of glycan in CS and DS, and decreased to approx. 5% in ES. When thirteen strains of gut microbes were cultivated in GAM broth including the saccharides instead of glucose, CP and EP selectively stimulated several non-pathogenic Bifidobacterium and Clostridium, but not pathogenic Enterobacteriaceae.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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