MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 328, 2020XXII. International Scientific Conference – The Application of Experimental and Numerical Methods in Fluid Mechanics and Energy 2020 (AEaNMiFMaE-2020)
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Measurement and Calculation of State Variables in the Fluid Flow|
|Published online||18 November 2020|
Unsteady Behaviour of the Effervescent Atomizer
Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Nam. Slobody 17, 812 31, Bratislava, Slovak Republic
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The effervescent atomizer is a well-established type of the twin-fluid nozzle with internal mixing of fluids. It is popular for the ability to process highly viscous liquids, such as liquid fuels, into a fine spray with low gas consumption. This study aims to investigate the performance of the effervescent nozzle when spraying the liquids with a viscosity up to 308 mPa·s. The working parameters of the nozzle were defined by the mass flows ratio of the gas to the liquid (GLR =2.5 to 20 %) and the gas pressure at the nozzle inlet (Δp = 0.14 MPa). The spray quality was investigated by the laser diffraction system, measuring the spray drop sizes. The investigated nozzle was able to atomize all of the model liquids. However, the liquid viscosity increase led to the need to operate the nozzle with the larger gas consumption. The minimum GLR for the spraying of the liquid with the viscosity 308 mPa·s was 10 %, while the less viscous liquid (60 mPa·s) was processed with the GLR = 2.5 %. It was observed that the spray quality was, at the low GLRs, lowered by unstable nozzle work, caused by the presence of the plug flow in the mixing chamber of the atomizer.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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