MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 325, 20202020 8th International Conference on Traffic and Logistic Engineering (ICTLE 2020)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Intelligent Transportation and Safety Management|
|Published online||22 October 2020|
Heterogeneous cellular automata subway station personnel evacuation model based on cooperative behavior
College of Transportation, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266590, China
a Corresponding author: email@example.com
In order to study the influence of cooperative behavior in the evacuation process of subway station personnel, and considering the heterogeneity of evacuees, the heterogeneous cellular automata method is adopted to establish a human evacuation model of subway station under cooperative behavior based on the floor field model. In the research process, the evacuated persons are divided into two types, which are seeking cooperation and accepting cooperation. Then, the effects of different cooperative behavior probability ratios of seeking cooperative personnel on evacuation efficiency, evacuation process, and evacuation bottleneck are analyzed through simulation. The result shows that cooperative behavior can effectively improve evacuation efficiency of the subway station, but it is limited by cooperative probability and the proportion of people seeking cooperation; Cooperative behavior plays a role in the whole evacuation process, which is mainly reflected in the later stage of evacuation and will promote the gathering of evacuees. The higher the probability of cooperation, the shorter the evacuation bottleneck formation time, the duration, and overall evacuation time, which will help improve the emergency safety of subway stations.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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