MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 321, 2020The 14th World Conference on Titanium (Ti 2019)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Microstructure - Properties Relationships|
|Published online||12 October 2020|
Design and development of a dual-phase TRIP-TWIP alloy for enhanced mechanical properties
1 PSL Research University, Chimie ParisTech, Institut de Recherche de Chimie Paris, CNRS UMR 8247, Paris, France
2 Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung GmbH, 40237 Düsseldorf, Germany
3 Université Paris-Est, ICMPE (UMR 7182), CNRS, UPEC, 2-8 Rue Henri Dunant, 94320, Thiais, France
Triggering transformation induced plasticity (TRIP) and twinning induced plasticity (TWIP) mechanisms in metastable β titanium alloys (bcc, body centered cubic) have helped reaching unprecedented mechanical properties for Ti-alloys, including high ductility and work-hardening. Yet the yield strength of such alloys generally remains rather low. So far, mostly single-phase metastable bcc alloys have been developed. In this study, a dual phase TRIP/TWIP alloy is designed and investigated. While the β-matrix is expected to display TRIP/TWIP deformation mechanisms, the addition of a second phase, α in the present study, aims at increasing the yield strength. The composition was designed in the Ti-Cr-Sn system, based on Calphad prediction and on the semi-empirical d-electron alloy design approach. Results were compared to the published full β Ti – 8.5Cr – 1.5Sn (wt%) TRIP/TWIP alloy. The dual-phase alloy was prepared and processed to reach the desired microstructure containing about 20% α. It displays remarkable mechanical properties such as a ductility of 29%, an ultimate tensile strength of 1200 MPa and a yield strength of 760 MPa, 200MPa higher than the Reference single-phase β alloy. Analysis of the mechanical properties and deformation microstructures confirm the TRIP and TWIP effects, validating the proposed approach.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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