MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 321, 2020The 14th World Conference on Titanium (Ti 2019)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Melting and Casting|
|Published online||12 October 2020|
ELECTRON-BEAM MELTING OF INGOTS OF TiAl SYSTEM INTERMETALLICS
E.O. Paton Electric Welding Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 11 Kazymyr Malevych St., Kyiv 03150 Ukraine
Performance of scientific-technical researches at the E. O. Paton Electric Welding Institute of the NAS of Ukraine have been directed on development of technology for manufacture of titanium aluminide –based alloys using the method of electron-beam melting (EBM). The mathematical models of heat state and evaporation of alloying elements in EBM were developed. The results of calculations of heat state using the mathematical model allowed determining a dependence of depth of liquid pool on different melting rates. The mathematical models of processes of evaporation in EBM of titanium aluminide ingots were used for plotting the nomograms, which help to determine the necessary content of alloying element of the alloy in the initial charge for acquiring the necessary concentration of this element in ingot at set technological parameters of melting.
In scopes of designed mathematical models there were investigated different technological modes of electron-beam melting of ingots based on titanium aluminide. The optimum EBM modes, at which a solidification front approaches to flat, were determined. At that, more uniform distribution of the additives on ingot section and volume is provided as well as level of stressed state is reduced.
The works were carried out on manufacture of titanium aluminide based-ingots with addition of refractory as well as volatile alloying elements. Composition and structure of produced ingots were examined. It is shown that electron-beam melting allows getting chemically homogeneous ingots based on titanium aluminide and is a perspective method for production of such class materials.
Key words: electron beam melting / ingot / mathematical modelling / titanium aluminide / alloying elements / structure
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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