MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 321, 2020The 14th World Conference on Titanium (Ti 2019)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Extraction and Powder Production|
|Published online||12 October 2020|
Influence of bath composition on Ti metal deposition in molten CaCl2 containing calcium titanate
1 Kansai University, Suita 564-8680, Japan
The dependence of the cathodic behavior of a Ti ion on the molar ratio of CaO to TiO2 (RCaO/TiO2) was investigated in molten CaCl2 above 1373 K, and the influence of RCaO/TiO2 on Ti metal deposition was discussed. The reduction mechanism changed at RCaO/TiO2 = 1.5; a three-step reduction of Ti was suggested in the melt of RCaO/TiO2 < 1.5, while a two-step reduction seemed to occur above RCaO/TiO2 = 1.5. Titanium metal deposition was also affected by RCaO/TiO2 as well as by the cathode potential, and the suitable RCaO/TiO2 was likely 1.5. Since this value was the same as the suitable value in the molten fluoride system, Ti metal was thought to be obtained only from Ti2O76-. Silicon and Al metal were obtained electrochemically in molten CaCl2 containing calcium silicate and aluminate more easily than Ti metal. The difficulty of the Ti metal deposition is likely to be caused by the so-called shuttle reaction; the shuttle reaction can occur in the Ti metal electrolysis because some ionic states of Ti are stable in the bath. To realize better Ti metal deposition, the control of the shuttle reaction should be important.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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