MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 321, 2020The 14th World Conference on Titanium (Ti 2019)
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Section||Extraction and Powder Production|
|Published online||12 October 2020|
Effect of Microstructure of Surface Layer in Steel Vessel Used for Sponge Titanium Manufacturing on Fe Elution
1 TOHO TITANIUM CO.,LTD., Chigasaki-City, Kanagawa, Japan
To make clear factors affecting Fe elution into molten Mg during sponge titanium production process and reasons why Fe elution from the steel vessel in the first use is high while it considerably reduces in the second use in the actual mill, immersion experiments into molten Mg at 950ºC were conducted using specially designed specimens simulating the first and the second uses of the vessel, and microstructure change of the steel during the use was investigated in detail. TiFe, TiFe2 and Ti-diffused steel layers formed on the surface of the steel specimen after the treatment similar to the first use of the vessel. The outermost portion of Ti-diffused steel contained 3mass% Ti, which should have transferred to the α phase at this temperature. Fe elution from TiFe and TiFe2 was almost zero, while Fe elution from Fe-3mass%Ti was 1/4 of that from the unused steel. By taking the information on the phases appeared on the surface of the actual vessel into account, Fe elution from the vessel at the second use was estimated as 1/16 of that at the first use, which is well consistent with the value in the actual production mill.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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