MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 309, 20202019 International Conference on Computer Science Communication and Network Security (CSCNS2019)
|Number of page(s)||19|
|Section||Modelling and Simulation|
|Published online||04 March 2020|
A two-layer model to dispatch electric vehicles and wind power
1 State Grid Jiangsu Electric Power Company, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China
2 State Grid (Suzhou) City & Energy Research Institute, Suzhou Jiangsu, China
3 State Grid Energy Research Institute, Beijing, China
4 School of Automation, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China
5 Shanxi Electric Power Research Institute, Taiyuan, Shanxi, China
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
In this paper, the optimal charging and discharging schedules of electric vehicle (EV) are studied considering wind power under the condition of distribution network. In view of the uncertainty of EV charging-discharging demand and wind power output, the Markov decision process is adopted to model the randomness of supply and demand. Considering the dimensional disaster caused by dispatching a large number of EVs’ charging and discharging behavior in a centralized way, this paper proposes the two-layer dispatching model based on Markov decision process. First, the lower EV agents are responsible for collecting the real-time charging-discharging demands for EV and report to the upper dispatching center. Then the upper dispatching center gives the optimal charging and discharging power according to the real-time distribution operating status, wind power output and the EV information reported by each EV agent. Last, the lower agent gives the optimal charging-discharging sequence of each EV according to the upper optimal power. The goal of the upper dispatching center considers the power losses in the distribution network, load variance and the matching degree between EV charging-discharging and wind power output. The goal of the lower EV agent considers the EV charging-discharging fees and costs by EV battery losses. When deciding the optimal charging strategy, we design the two-layer Rollout algorithm to decide the optimal charging-discharging strategy considering the impact on future strategy decisions by current strategy decisions. Finally, the optimal results under four different strategies are simulated on the IEEE 30-bus distribution network system. The simulation results show that the proposed model and strategy can effectively reduce the distribution network losses and load variance, and greatly improve the utilization rate of wind power. Compared to the cost of uncoordinated EV charging, EV charging-discharging fees and battery loss costs by the proposed strategy have been greatly reduced.
Key words: Distribution network / Two-layer optimal dispatching / EV charging-discharging / Wind power / Markov decision process
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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