MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 308, 20202019 8th International Conference on Transportation and Traffic Engineering (ICTTE 2019)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Road Safety and Risk Management|
|Published online||12 February 2020|
The best plan of evacuation in Louvre
1 School of Mathematics and Statistics, Beijing Institute of Technology, China
2 Institute of Statistics and Big Data, Renmin University of China, China
3 Faculty of Science, Leiden University, Netherlands
a Corresponding author: email@example.com
According to reports, since 2012, there have been 12 terrorist attacks in France. At the same time, the number of visitors of Louvre reached a peak of 8.1 million in 2017. Therefore, making an efficient evacuation plan in Louvre is particularly important. In our paper, we assume that the process of evacuation contains two main parts: the path from the starting point to the exit, and the location where the congestion may occur, such as stairs and exits. For the first part, we use the ant colony optimization algorithm to find the optimal path and get how many flows arrive at each exit. For the second part, as we already know the number of flows, we can use queuing theory to determine whether it is congested or not and calculate the corresponding congestion time. Finally, the optimal evacuation path and the corresponding time are obtained. In addition, associated with the application "Affluences" used in Louvre, some devices are designed to measure the average speed of the crowd movement. If the average speed is below a threshold value, an emergency exit will be opened to improve the evacuation process.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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