MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 300, 2019ICMFF12 - 12th International Conference on Multiaxial Fatigue and Fracture
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Published online||02 December 2019|
Cruciform specimens for the determination of crack growth behaviour in biaxial stress fields: calculation of K-factors
Institute of Materials Engineering, Technische Universität Bergakademie Freiberg, Gustav-Zeuner-Str. 5, 09599 Freiberg, Germany
2 Institute of Mechanics and Fluid Dynamics, Technische Universität Bergakademie Freiberg, Lampadiusstraße 4, 09599 Freiberg, Germany
* e-mail: Carl.Wolf@ww.tu-freiberg.de
The aim of this study is to propose a simplified calculation of the Mode I stress intensity factor K for the cruciform specimen design proposed by Brown and Miller. To calculate K, both cracks have to grow with a similar crack growth rate and the crack paths of the two single cracks with the length a should also be similar. The calculations are carried out on an aluminum specimen and a steel specimen. For all load cases and materials, the stresses resulting from the forces are first considered. It was found that the elastic constants E and ν have only a small influence of less than 3 %. In addition, the coupling between the forces of the load axes, which should be minimized by the slotted arms, is considered. Furthermore K-factors are calculated by FE for diﬀerent crack lengths. These K-values together with the transmission factor allow to find a K-factor formula for cruciform specimens, which is based on the prescribed forces. Finally, the results of the FE calculation of the exact straight crack paths were compared to experimentally determined crack paths.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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