MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 294, 20192nd International Scientific and Practical Conference “Energy-Optimal Technologies, Logistic and Safety on Transport” (EOT-2019)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Ecology of Rolling Stock and Objects of Transport Infrastructure|
|Published online||16 October 2019|
Risk assessment in case of toxic chemical emission at railway transport
DNU, Department aerohydromechanics and energy and masstransfer, 49050 Dnipro, Kozakov Street, 18, Ukraine
2 DNURT, Department hydraulics and water supply, 49010 Dnipro, Lazaryan Street, 2, Ukraine
3 Kharkiv Branch Office «Design and Research Institute of Railway Transport» of the PJS «Ukrainian Railway», 61052 Kharkiv, Kotliar Street, 7, Ukraine
4 PSACEA, 49600 Dnipro, Chernyshevsky Street, 24a, Ukraine
5 DNURT, Lviv branch, 79052 Lviv, I. Blazhkevich Street, 12a, Ukraine
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Risk assessment during emission of toxic chemicals at railway transport is the problem of great scientific interest. To make such assessment we need special computer models. At present, in Ukraine,we have lack of such models. The authors present numerical models for territorial risk assessment in case of organized emissionsat railway transport (for example, emissions during locomotive movement) and in case of accident emissions (accident spills of dangerous cargo, emissions of NH3 from railway tank, etc.). The basis of the developed numerical models is the system of fundamental equations of fluid dynamics. These equations are solved numerically using implicit schemes of splitting. The developed models allow to take into account some important factors which influence the territorial risk value: probability of atmosphere conditions, train route, transport infrastructure at railway stations, probability of emission site.Also the process of pollutant chemical transformation in the atmosphere is taken into account in the developed models. The developed models allow to predict territorial risk in case of moving source of emission (moving damaged railway tank).The results of numerical experiments are presented. These results illustrate territorial risk maps for different sites near Prydniprovska railway.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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