MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 283, 2019The 2nd Franco-Chinese Acoustic Conference (FCAC 2018)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Ultrasounds, Signal Processing, and NDT/E|
|Published online||28 June 2019|
Performance analysis of direct-sequence spread-spectrum underwater acoustic communications based on at-sea data
Science and Technology on Sonar Laboratory, Hangzhou Applied Acoustic Research Institute, Hangzhou, 310023
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Direct sequence spread spectrum (DSSS) signal uses phase coherent signals where the information symbols are multiplied with a code sequence, commonly known as chips. The signals are processed at the receiver using the code sequence as a matched filter to extract the information symbols. Taking advantage of the spread processing gain derived from the matched filter, communications can be carried out at low signal levels, which is the preferred method for high quality underwater acoustic (UWA) communication and remote UWA communication. However, in practical applications, DSSS UWA communication will face lots of interferences including multipath interference, Doppler compression interference and phase fluctuation interference, which will seriously affect the performance of DSSS. This paper first analyzes the interferences that DSSS faces in practical applications based on multiple actual received data collected in different water areas. By calculating the gain of the matched filter loss, one can find that influence of phase fluctuation interference has the most serious impact on DSSS. Secondly, the corresponding receiver processing algorithms are given for these interferences, including the differential energy detector and Doppler estimation method. The performance of differential energy detector under the above interferences is analyzed, which shows that the differential energy detector is insensitive to slow phase fluctuation interference and multipath interference and the differential energy detector combined with Doppler compensation can work well based on moving at-sea data. Finally, the parameter design of DSSS system in practical application is discussed and parameter design of DSSS UWA communication system should comprehensively consider the Doppler compression interference and phase fluctuation interference.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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