MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 283, 2019The 2nd Franco-Chinese Acoustic Conference (FCAC 2018)
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Published online||28 June 2019|
Ray-tracing-based time-domain wideband fractional delay beamforming for underwater acoustic positioning
1 Acoustic Science and Technology Laboratory, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin, 150001, China
2 Key Laboratory of Marine Information Acquisition and Security (Harbin Engineering University), Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, Harbin, 150001, China
3 College of Underwater Acoustic Engineering, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin, 150001, China
4 CNOOC Deepwater Development Limited, Shenzhen, 518000, China
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Underwater acoustic positioning systems are essential for underwater vehicles positioning and navigation. In this paper, a time-domain wideband fractional delay beamforming (WFDB) technique is proposed to improve underwater localization capability of planar arrays. In our method, digital delay lines are combined with adaptive-finite-impulse-response filters to achieve high accuracy beamforming results and reduce the design burden of the WFDB systems. Further, the beamforming results are used in the ray-tracing method to eliminate curvature effect of sound rays caused by the inhomogeneity of water, and therefore improving the computation accuracy of target position. We further develop a hexagonal planar array of 30 elements to verify the WFDB method in an indoor experimental pool. The experimental results demonstrate that the proposed method could successfully mitigate the ray bending problem and accurately estimate the position of targets in low SNR condition.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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