MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 276, 2019International Conference on Advances in Civil and Environmental Engineering (ICAnCEE 2018)
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||15 March 2019|
Early strength of various fly ash based concrete in peat environment
1 Department of Civil Engineering, Universitas Riau, Pekanbaru, Indonesia,
2 Department of Chemical Engineering, Universitas Riau, Pekanbaru, Indonesia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Fly ash is a by-product of coal combustion in a power station and usually used as additive or cement replacement material to improve properties of concrete in aggressive environments such as acid, chloride, and sulphate. Peatland is one of acidic environment that is common in Riau province with high organic content and low pH that is damaging for concrete, especially when exposed to concrete at an early age. This paper aims to study the early compressive and tensile strength of the various type of fly ash based concrete subjected to peat water. Seven fly ash-based concrete mixtures investigate were, i.e., geopolymer hybrid using 15% of Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC) as an additive, high volume fly ash using 25%, 50% and 75% of fly ash as cement replacement material, and blended OPC with fly ash with different grade of 15, 21 and 29 MPa. The OPC concrete with a target strength of 20 MPa was a control mix. The OPC based-specimens were cast and cured in water for 28 days before placed in peat water for another 28 days before the testing date. Compressive strength and tensile strength values of the concrete at 7 and 28 days were taken. Results show the type of concrete, fly ash content, and concrete grade significantly influence the early strength properties and resistance of the concrete to the acid attack. Four concrete mixtures with decreasing vulnerability to the attack were distinguished: OPC, high volume fly ash, geopolymer hybrid and blended cement concrete.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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