MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 275, 20191st International Conference on Advances in Civil Engineering and Materials (ACEM1) and 1st World Symposium on Sustainable Bio-composite Materials and Structures (SBMS1) (ACEM2018 and SBMS1)
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Bio-composite Materials and Structures|
|Published online||13 March 2019|
Effects of APP/SiO2 polyelectrolyte composites on wood-plastic composite
College of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China
Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
This paper was aimed to evaluate process of APP/SiO2, which used Nano-crystalline cellulose (NCC) modified ammonium polyphosphate (APP) as anionic polyelectrolyte (a-APP), and cationic polyethyleneimine (PEI) modified Nano–SiO2 as cationic polyelectrolyte (c-SiO2). The flame retardant system was built due to the reaction of a-APP and c-SiO2. Polyelectrolyte composite of a-APP/c-SiO2 were then assembled on the surface of wood powder and HDPE composites. The effect of polyelectrolytes on wood-plastic composites (WPC) were investigated and the results showed that the flame-retardant property of WPC treated by polyelectrolyte was the best. The average heat release rate was 152.8kW/m2, the peak heat release rate was 352.2kW/m2, the total heat release was 108.5kW/m2, the limit oxygen index reached the maximum was 27.5%, compared with the WPC treated by APP, the elongation at break increased by 60.4%. After anionic and cationic polyelectrolyte treatment, making anionized a-APP and cationized c-SiO2 due to the charge interaction, in the WPC combustion process to form a dense, uniform WPC carbon layer, thereby reducing the heat transfer to the material inside, and increasing the flame retardancy of WPC composites.
Key words: Polyelectrolytes / Ammonium polyphosphate / Nano–SiO2 / Wood-plastic composite / properties
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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