MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 268, 2019The 25th Regional Symposium on Chemical Engineering (RSCE 2018)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Computer-Aided Process Engineering/Process Systems Engineering|
|Published online||20 February 2019|
Improved process modifications of aqueous ammonia-based CO2 capture system
Department of Chemical Engineering, Curtin University Malaysia, CDT 250, Miri 98009, Sarawak, Malaysia
2 Curtin Malaysia Research Institute (CMRI), Curtin University Malaysia, CDT 250, Miri 98009, Sarawak, Malaysia
Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Extensive research works on CO2 capture process using MEA have been carried out and showed promising results. Nevertheless, it has been acknowledged that the use of MEA is associated with high cost, solvent degradation issues and corrosion. The issues above have motivated researchers to explore and test other potential solvents such as aqueous ammonia (NH3). As result, NH3 based CO2 capture systems have recently attracted much attention as an alternative to MEA based counterparts. Despite their encouraging applications, high volatility of NH3 raise concerns on the energy requirement related to the solvent recovery. Consequently, energy efficient NH3 based CO2 capture systems by modifying the process is desirable. This study, therefore, aims to propose and evaluate three different stand-alone process configurations of absorption-desorption processes in a NH3-based system and compare them with the traditional absorption-desorption system in respect to total energy consumption. These modifications include Rich Solvent Split (RSS), Lean Vapor Compression (LVC), and Rich Vapor Compression (RVC). Results indicate that among these three proposed process modifications, LVC led to the highest reboiler energy savings of 38.3% and total energy savings of 34.5% compared to NH3 based conventional configuration. These findings can serve as essential recommendations for further studies on and large-scale implementations of aqueous NH3 as a better solvent.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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