MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 258, 2019International Conference on Sustainable Civil Engineering Structures and Construction Materials (SCESCM 2018)
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Construction Management, Construction Method and System, Optimization and Innovation in Structural Design|
|Published online||25 January 2019|
Cross section and geometry optimization of steel truss arch bridges based on internal forces
Civil and Environmental Department, Gadjah Mada University, Indonesia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The purpose of this study is to obtain the optimum geometric design and cross section member element of steel arch bridges. It is necessary because the geometric design of the steel truss arch bridges have the direct impact to the steel section used in the structures. Therefore, steel section have the impact to the economic value of the bridge design due to the structure weight. There are many important variables have to considered in the bridge design. Rise to span ratio variable is the major variable in the arch bridge geometric design. Arch bridge structures rely on the axial force capacity of the main arch, whereas shear forces and bending moments as secondary consideration. The optimization process is done by collecting the axial force, shear force and bending moment data of each steel arch bridge numeric model, and scaling its value from 0 to 1 to compare the data of every span in the same field, in order to achieve the optimum rise to span ratio. Rise to span ratio data of steel arch bridges in China and Japan used as the comparison with the result of this study, due to their brief history and rich experiences on arch bridge engineering innovation, and also have the large of amount of steel arch bridges. The results of this study give the optimum value of rise to span ratio between 1/4 to 1/7. It has good correlation with the rise to span ratio data of steel arch bridges in China and Japan i.e. 1/4 - 1/6 and 1/5 - 1/7 respectively.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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