MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 253, 20192018 International Conference on Materials Science and Manufacturing Engineering (MSME 2018)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Material Design & Modelling|
|Published online||14 January 2019|
Recycling of Mixed Poly(Ethylene-terephthalate) and Poly(Lactic Acid)
Department of Polymer Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, H-1111 Budapest, Muegyetem rkp. 3, Hungary
2 MTA-BME Research Group for Composite Science and Technology, H-1111 Budapest, Muegyetem rkp. 3., Hungary
a Corresponding author: email@example.com
Nowadays, PLA is increasingly used as a packaging material, therefore it may appear in the petrol-based polymer waste stream. However, with the today’s mechanical recycling technologies PLA and PET bottles cannot be easily or cheaply separated. Therefore, our goal was to investigate the mechanical, morphological and thermal properties of different PET and PLA compounds in a wide range of compositions. We made different compounds from poly(ethylene-terephthalate) (PET) and poly(lactic acid) (PLA) by extrusion, and injection molded specimens from the compounds. We investigated the mechanical properties and the phase morphology of the samples and the thermal stability of the regranulates. PET and PLA are thermodynamically immiscible, therefore we observed a typical island-sea type morphology in SEM micrographs. When PLA was added, the mechanical properties (tensile strength, modulus, elongation at break and impact strength) changed significantly. The Young’s modulus increased, while elongation at break and impact strength decreased with the increase of the weight fraction of PLA. The TGA results indicated that the incorporation of PLA decreased the thermal stability of the PET/PLA blends.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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