MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 239, 2018Siberian Transport Forum - TransSiberia 2018
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Published online||27 November 2018|
Efficiency of Using Tuned Mass Damper to Reduce Damage after Strong Earthquakes
Emperor Alexander I St. Petersburg State Transport University, 190031, 9 Moskovsky pr., St. Petersburg, Russia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The efficiency of applying tuned mass damper is substantiated for reducing the damageability of structures under strong earthquakes. Two models of structure damage accumulation are considered. The first model is elastoplastic one, the damage degree of the model being determined by the work of plastic deformation forces. The second model is a model with degrading rigidity the damage degree of the model is connected with the development of cracks and is determined by the maximum displacement of the structure in its loading history. For the first type of nonlinearity, i.e. the first model there is an amplitude-frequency characteristic and the optimum tuning of the mass damper corresponds to the maximum of this characteristic. For the second model of accumulation of damages there is no frequency response, therefore the mass damper tuning obtained with harmonic action on the elastic system was used. Calculations of the system with mass damper and without it using earthquake accelerograms have been carried out. Accelerograms, the most unfavorable in terms of the spectral composition for the structures under consideration, were chosen taking into account peak accelerations and energy characteristics of the seismic action. It has been established for elastoplastic systems that tuned mass damper reduces the time of the structure being in plastic stage and the work of plastic deformation forces. For systems with degrading stiffness tuned mass damper reduces the maximum movement of the system in its loading history.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
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