MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 237, 20182018 3rd International Conference on Design, Mechanical and Material Engineering (D2ME 2018)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Chapter 2: Material Engineering|
|Published online||26 November 2018|
Producing Bio-Oil from Coconut Shell by Fast Pyrolysis Processing
1 Chemical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Semarang, Indonesia
2 Chemical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas 17 Agustus Semarang, Semarang, Indonesia
a Corresponding author: email@example.com
The utilization of biomass as a source of new and renewable energy is being carried out. One of the technologies to convert biomass as an energy source is pyrolysis which is converting biomass into more valuable products, such as bio–oil. Bio–oil is a liquid which produced by steam condensation process from the pyrolysis of coconut shell. The composition of biomass such as hemicellulose, cellulose and lignin will be oxidized to phenol as the main content of the bio–oil. Production of bio–oil from coconut shell was investigated via fast pyrolysis reactor. Fast pyrolysis was carried out at 500 °C with a heating rate of 10 °C and 1 hour holding time at pyrolysis temperature. The Bio-oil chemical composition was investigated using GC–MS. Percentage value of phenol, 2–methoxy phenol, 3–methoxy 1,2–benzenediol, and 2,6–dimethoxy phenol was 45.42%, 13.37%, 10.09%, and 11.72% respectively.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
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