MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 232, 20182018 2nd International Conference on Electronic Information Technology and Computer Engineering (EITCE 2018)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Circuit Simulation, Electric Modules and Displacement Sensor|
|Published online||19 November 2018|
Low-Reflection Cross Section and High-Isolation 2x2 Broadband Antenna Array for the MIMO Measurement System
Department of Electronic Engineering, Taipei University of Technology, Taipei, Taiwan
a Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The author of this paper explored Vivaldi   line theory and technology and used it as a basis to propose a Vivaldi antenna array to replace a single Vivaldi antenna. This was to achieve a dual-polarized antenna with high directivity and high isolation in the MIMO anechoic chamber, and one that is minimally affected by the environment. The operating frequency of this antenna array covers a frequency range of 0.7–6.0 GHz and is composed of four Vivaldi units with relatively high isolation between them to reduce measurement errors caused by coupling. In each unit, two identical Vivaldi antennas are connected in parallel to form the same polarization unit, and a microstrip power divider was used and the impedance matching of circular holes was performed to design this connected antenna with an ultra-wide operating frequency and the same polarization. The authors then interconnected two polarization units orthogonally at 90 degree cross to form the antenna described in this study, which has high directivity, high isolation, an ultra-wide frequency and dual polarization. During the design process, an FR4 printed circuit board (PCB) was used to effectively reduce the cross-sectional area of the antenna and reduce reflection and interference on the basis of ensuring an ultra-wide operating frequency. Additionally, the two orthogonal units of each polarized antenna unit had to work separately, and the electric field data collected from different polarization directions were sequentially transmitted to the receiver for postprocessing to satisfy the measurement requirements of the MIMO OTA anechoic chamber. In this study, SEMCAD electromagnetic simulation software was used to adjust and complete the analysis of antenna characteristics and obtain a favorable operating frequency and voltage standing wave ratio, as well as excellent isolation and radiation characteristics.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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