MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 229, 2018International Conference on Disaster Management (ICDM 2018)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Strengthening Sustainbility Development|
|Published online||14 November 2018|
Analysis of changes in daily temperature and precipitation extreme in Jakarta on period of 1986-2014
1 Department of Climatology, School of Meteorology Climatology and Geophysics, Tangerang Selatan, Indonesia
2 Department of Planning and Management of Coastal Area and Watershed, Faculty of Geography, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Climate change due to an increase in greenhouse gas concentrations has led to changes in extreme climate events. IPCC 2007 already predicted that average global temperatures would reach 0.74⁰ C in the last 100 years (1906-2005). A study on the temperature index trends and extreme precipitation in the period of 1986-2014 in Jakarta are represented by 5 weather stations. Daily of maximum temperature, minimum temperature, and precipitation data are calculated using RClimDex Software so that temperature and rainfall index data are obtained. The indexes are extreme climate indexes defined by ETCCDMI (Expert Team for Climate Change Detection Monitoring and Indices). The indexes consist of TN10p, TN90p, TX10p, TX90p, TNn, TNx, TXn, TXx, DTR, RX1day, RX5day, RCPTOT, CDD, CWD, and R95p. The purpose of this research is to know the change of temperature and precipitation characteristics from observation result in Jakarta by using index calculation. The results show that Jakarta has number of hot days according to the trends which are generally increasing. It can cause the temperature in Jakarta to get hotter. However, for the rainfall, the upward or downward trend is not significant, so it can be said there is no change in precipitation in Jakarta during 1986-2014.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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