MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 211, 2018The 14th International Conference on Vibration Engineering and Technology of Machinery (VETOMAC XIV)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||ND: Nonlinear Dynamics, Chaos and Control of Elastic Structures; TP6: Condition monitoring, tip-timing, experimental techniques|
|Published online||10 October 2018|
Prediction of cutting tool vibration and surface roughness in hard turning of AISI52100 steel
Mechanical Engineering Department, Vishwakarma Institute of Information Technology,
SP Pune University,
2 Research Scholar, Mechanical Engineering Department, Sinhgad College of Engineering, 411046, SP Pune University, Pune, India
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The changing behavior of vibration signals with varying cutting parameters (cutting speed, feed rate and depth of cut) for turning hardened AISI52100 steel has been studied and reported. The vibration response of cutting tool in all three mutually perpendicular directions, namely, in feed Vx, radial Vy and, tangential Vz directions have been captured by mounting piezoelectric tri-axial accelerometer close to the cutting tool. Experiments are planned and conducted as per Central composite rotatable design of Surface response methodology. The second order multiple regression models are developed to correlate cutting parameters with vibration acceleration and surface roughness. The coefficient of regression R2 for all models is found close to 0.92 which shows that the developed models are reliable and provide an excellent explanation between the cutting parameter and the vibration of cutting tool within limits. The analysis of the results revealed that cutting conditions are having prominent and mixed type effect on vibration signals. The acceleration amplitude Vx, Vy and Vz increases with increase in cutting speed, and depth of cut. The vibration amplitude Vx, Vy and Vz initially increases as feed increases and, with further increase in feed, the vibration amplitude decreases. The surface roughness is highly influenced by the feed rate followed by cutting speed whereas the depth of cut was found less significant. The fluctuation in frequency is observed in all directions. However, the band of frequency remains within a certain range. Within selected cutting parameter range, the maximum acceleration amplitude is observed in frequency band of 4 kHz - 16 kHz.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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