MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 203, 2018International Conference on Civil, Offshore & Environmental Engineering 2018 (ICCOEE 2018)
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Published online||17 September 2018|
Numerical Evaluation of Settlement trough Width Parameter
Mass Rapid Transit Corporation, Planning & Design Department,
50490 Kuala Lumpur,
2 Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Civil and Environmental Engineering Department, 32610 Seri Iskandar, Perak
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Construction of tunnel results in ground movements with a settlement trough which is well described by a Gaussian distribution curve. For near surface settlements, it was established that the trough width i is an approximately linear function of the tunnel depth zo in relation to a trough width parameter K and broadly independent of tunnel construction method and tunnel diameter (except for very shallow tunnels where the cover to diameter ratio is less than one). The choice of an appropriate value of K may require some judgement, since it depends on whether the ground is primarily cohesive or frictional. Published literatures recommended that for practical purposes K could be taken as 0.5 for tunnels in clays and 0.25 for tunnels in sands and gravels. This paper discusses the evaluation of trough width parameter which has not been studied much for typical soil types encountered in the Klang Valley of Malaysia (e.g. Kenny Hill formation weathered materials, granitic soil, alluvium, etc.) of which are commonly in cohesive-frictional nature. The main objective of study is to investigate, using numerical method, the arbitrary relationship of the trough width parameter for different soil types in terms of its effective shear strength parameters and stiffness parameter. A parametric study was carried out to identify parameter(s) which have a significant influence on the settlement trough width and simple equation is presented subsequently for estimating appropriate K values for empirical calculation. This study has excluded two-layered system of different geology where, for example, a tunnel in Kenny Hill formation is overlain by significant thickness of alluvium deposits. Preliminary findings based on numerical analysis showed some promising results. Effort to continually build up the field database to further refine the deduced relationship for the surface settlement trough width parameter is in progress over the course of construction for Klang Valley MRT tunnels.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
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