MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 197, 2018The 3rd Annual Applied Science and Engineering Conference (AASEC 2018)
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Published online||12 September 2018|
Low cost carbon electrodes to produce salinity gradient energy using reverse electrodialysis membranes: Effect of feed flow velocities and addition of Mg2+
Universitas Brawijaya, Bioprocess Engineering, Jl. Veteran 1, Malang 65145, Indonesia
2 Universitas Brawijaya, Agriculture Engineering, Jl. Veteran 1, Malang 65145, Indonesia
3 MILI Institute for Water Research, PO Box 301 ML, Malang 65101, Indonesia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
In this research , we investigate the effect of feed flow velocity in both monovalent (Na+) and divalent (Mg2+) salt water solutions to harvest the electrical energy from the reverse electro dialysis (RED) membranes module. The synthetic sea water solution uses 0.5 M concentration of salt and the synthetic river water salt concentration of 0.017 M were used. The carbon electrode was used, due to its low cost, higher melting point, and insoluble in water. Variation of feed flow velocities (sea water and synthetic river water) of 8 cm2/s, 14 cm2/s, 19 cm2/s were used, in addition to compare electrical energy produced from the used of monovalent and divalent ions. The best result was obtained by using the velocity of feed solution 19 cm2/s with the electricty value of 8.033 mV, 0.002 Ω/cm2 and power density of 1,141 mW/m2, while the influence of the addition of Mg2 + ion in the feed solution resulted the electricty value of 4.47 mV, 0.003 Ω/cm2 and power density of 0.15 mW/m2. Albeit the results, some more configuration is needed and worth to be investigated in the future.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
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