MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 192, 2018The 4th International Conference on Engineering, Applied Sciences and Technology (ICEAST 2018) “Exploring Innovative Solutions for Smart Society”
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Section||Track 3: Food, Chemical and Agricultural Engineering|
|Published online||14 August 2018|
Effects of pandan aqueous extract on physico-chemical properties of normal and waxy rice starches
Faculty of Agro-Industry, King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang, Bangkok, 10520, Thailand.
2 Food Technology Program, Mahidol University, Kanchanaburi Campus, Saiyok, Kanchanaburi, 71150, Thailand.
3 National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, NSTDA, 113 Thailand Science Park, Paholyothin Road, Klong Luang, Pathumthani, 12120, Thailand.
Pandan aqueous extract (PAE) has traditionally been used as a food additive in Southeast Asia to enhance their flavor, color and health benefits. The purpose of this research was to investigate the effects of PAE on physico-chemical properties of normal rice starch (NRS) and waxy rice starch (WRS). Results indicate that addition of PAE significantly (p < 0.05) affected the physico-chemical properties of rice starches. For pasting properties, PAE significantly increased peak viscosity, breakdown and pasting temperature of NRS, while PAE decreased peak viscosity, breakdown, final viscosity and setback values of WRS. The addition of PAE to NRS and WRS significantly (p < 0.05) reduced gel hardness and gel adhesiveness by more than 50% compare to native control gels. The gelatinization thermal properties of both NRS and WRS were significantly (p < 0.05) increased when PAE was included. Only the gelatinization enthalpy of WRS was influence by the PAE. It was concluded that the addition of PAE considerably improved the thermal stability of WRS.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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