MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 192, 2018The 4th International Conference on Engineering, Applied Sciences and Technology (ICEAST 2018) “Exploring Innovative Solutions for Smart Society”
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Section||Track 2: Mechanical, Mechatronics and Civil Engineering|
|Published online||14 August 2018|
Comparing watershed soil erosion of Taiwan and Thailand
Department of Civil Engineering, National Taipei University of Technology, Taipei, Taiwan
2 Department of Civil Engineering, King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang, Bangkok, Thailand
Corresponding author : firstname.lastname@example.org
Tropical watersheds in Taiwan and Thailand face the same severe soil erosion problem that is increasing at an alarming rate. In order to evaluate the severity of soil erosion, we quantitatively investigate the issue using a common soil erosion model (Universal Soil Loss Equation, USLE) on the Shihmen reservoir watershed of Taiwan and the Lam Phra Ploeng basin of Thailand, and compare their respective erosion factors. The results show an interesting contrast between the two watersheds. Some of the factors (rainfall factor, slope-steepness factor) are higher in the Shihmen reservoir watershed, while others (soil erodibility factor, cover and management factor) are higher in the Lam Phra Ploeng basin. The net result is that these factors cancel each other out, and the amount of soil erosion of the two watersheds are very similar at 68.03 t/ha/yr and 67.57 t/ha/yr, respectively.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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