MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 174, 20183rd Scientific Conference Environmental Challenges in Civil Engineering (ECCE 2018)
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Section||Sustainable Civil Engineering, Impact on Environment, Durability and Protection of Buildings and Structures, Energy Consumption in Civil Engineering, Unconventional Energy Sources|
|Published online||26 June 2018|
Concrete properties in diaphragm walls embedded in non-cohesive soils
Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Opole University of Technology, Opole, Poland.
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Although diaphragm walls are massive and responsible structures whose building history has many years' tradition, the discovery of a variety of material faults is still common throughout their exploitation. Some of the most common ones are associated with the occurrence of leaks along the wall surface. This paper reports on the results of a study conducted into concrete quality in an existing building structure. The issues identified in this case include the potential penetration of groundwater and particles suspended in non-cohesive soils into the bentonite suspension and into the concrete mixture. The scope of the analysis also involved the possible occurrence of a mixing zone of bentonite suspension with the concrete mixture. The solutions presented in this paper were practically tested using an existing structure and the results confirm that the adopted approach needs to be thoroughly researched. The laboratory specimens derived from an unreinforced diaphragm wall were subjected to the following tests: concrete bulk density in the air-dried state, water absorption by concrete, depth of water penetration under pressure, compressive strength and determination of the quantitative phase composition test using X-ray diffraction method. The results clearly demonstrate the decrease of the concrete quality applied in a monolithic diaphragm wall in comparison to the reference samples taken at the phase when it was built. Due to the fact that it was impossible to identify the impact of the particular variables on the investigated structure, this paper focuses on their descriptive assessment. This discussion is based on the analysis of the results defining the physical and mechanical properties of the examined concrete coupled with observations made by the author and insights derived from literature.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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