MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 165, 201812th International Fatigue Congress (FATIGUE 2018)
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Fatigue of Structures / Vibrations / in Service Fatigue Failures|
|Published online||25 May 2018|
The relevance of non-stationarities and non-Gaussianities in vibration fatigue
University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
2 University of Perugia, Department of Engineering, 06125 Perugia, Italy
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
In classical fatigue of materials, the frequency contents of dynamic loading are well below the natural frequencies of the observed structure or test specimen. However, when dealing with vibration fatigue the frequency contents of dynamic loading and structure's dynamic response overlap, resulting in amplified stress loads of the structure. For such cases, frequency counting methods are especially convenient. Gaussianity and stationarity assumptions are applied in frequency-domain methods for obtaining dynamic structure's response and frequency-domain methods for calculating damage accumulation rate. Since it is common in real environments for the structure to be excited with non-Gaussian and non-stationary loads, this study addresses the effects of such dynamic excitation to experimental time-to-failure of a structure.
Initially, the influence of non-Gaussian stationary excitation is experimentally studied via excitation signals with equal power density spectrum and different values of kurtosis. Since no relevant changes of structure's time-to-failure were observed, the study focused on non-stationary excitation signals that are also inherently non-Gaussian. The non-stationarity of excitation was achieved by amplitude modulation and significantly shorter times-to-failure were observed when compared to experiments with stationary non-Gaussian excitation.
Additionally, the structure's time-to-failure varied with the rate of the amplitude modulation. To oversee this phenomenon the presented study proposes a non-stationarity index which can be obtained from the excitation time history. The non-stationarity index was experimentally confirmed as a reliable estimator for severity of non-stationary excitation. The non-stationarity index is used to determine if the frequencydomain methods can safely be applied for time-to-failure calculation.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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