MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 163, 2018MATBUD’2018 – 8th Scientific-Technical Conference on Material Problems in Civil Engineering
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Cement Pastes and Mortars|
|Published online||15 June 2018|
Hydrophobisation of mortars containing waste polyurethane foam
Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Lublin University of Technology, str. Nadbystrzycka 40, Lublin 20-618, Poland
2 Faculty of Environmental Engineering, Lublin University of Technology, str. Nadbystrzycka 40a, Lublin 20-618, Poland
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
This paper investigates the physical and mechanical properties of mortars modified with waste polyurethane foam (WPF) and the influence of hydrophobising agents on the physical characteristics. The sand was substituted with WPF (2-4 mm grain size) in the mortars which consisted of 5, 10 and 15% of foam, respectively. The contact angle of lightweight mortars was determined (θw) in the function of time, prior to and after the frost resistance test. The surface free energy characterizing the wettability and adhesion of mortars under normal conditions and following frost erosion was calculated with Neumann’s method based on the obtained data. The structure of mortars, adhesion of lightweight aggregate to cement paste and the structure of thin hydrophobic film were demonstrated by means of scanning electron microscopy. The mortars subjected to hydrophobisation process revealed a slight mass change caused by freezing and thawing processes: 0.1% for methyl silicone resin, 2.1% for alkyl-alkoxy-silane, and 9.2% for the samples which were not hydrophobized. On average, the contact angle of the standard mortars was 3 times lower than the one of hydrophobic material. The best results illustrating the efficiency of hydrophobisation were obtained for methyl silicone resin.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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