MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 162, 2018The 3rd International Conference on Buildings, Construction and Environmental Engineering, BCEE3-2017
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Water Resources Engineering and Geomatics|
|Published online||07 May 2018|
Effect of baffle block configurations on characteristics of hydraulic jump in adverse stilling basins
Building and Construction Engineering Department, University of Technology, Baghdad, Iraq
2 Rafidain General Company for Dams Construction, Ministry of Water Resources, Baghdad, Iraq
The construction of stilling basin with adverse slope change the characteristics of hydraulic jump such as sequent depth ratio, length of jump ratio, length of roller and energy dissipation ratio, consequently the dimensions of stilling basin are changed, also using baffle blocks with different configurations develop these characteristics. In this study different shapes of baffle block (models (A), (B), (C) and (D)) installed in the stilling basins at adverse slopes (- 0.03, - 0.045, - 0.06) in addition to horizontal bed, all these models are tested in the stilling basin to show their effects on the characteristics of hydraulic jump, the experiments applied for the range of Froude number (Fr1) between 3.99 and 7.48. The baffle block model (D) showed good results when compared with models (B) and (C), therefore it used with arrangement of (single and double row) and compared with baffle block model (A) at slopes (0, - 0.03, - 0.045, - 0.06) to study the effects of baffle blocks on hydraulic jump when bed slopes are changed. In general using baffle block caused a reduction in sequent depth ratio, length of jump ratio and the length of the roller, but the energy dissipation ratio increased.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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