MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 162, 2018The 3rd International Conference on Buildings, Construction and Environmental Engineering, BCEE3-2017
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Geotechnical and Transportation Engineering|
|Published online||07 May 2018|
Field observations and finite element 3-D analysis of soil displacements close to unsupported excavation
College of Engineering, Baghdad University, Baghdad, Iraq
2 Institute of Technology, Middle Technical University. Baghdad, Iraq
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Soil displacements due to unsupported deep excavation may cause severe damages to the nearby structures and foundations systems. Such excavations affect the state of stresses and displacements field of the surrounding soil. In this study, the soil displacements at five observation points were continuously monitored for23 days, which was the time period of excavation of about 7 m deep open tunnel. The reference points were installed on the ground surface at horizontal distance ranging from 1.25 to 3.25 m from tunnel excavation edge. The construction work was related to the project of developing the Army Channel/ Zeyouna section in the Eastern part of Baghdad City. The field observations indicate upward vertical displacement and outward lateral displacements during the first 10 days when the excavation depth was within 4 m. After that, the displacement trend was generally reversed. The displacement values were within 12 mm and vary from one observation point to another depending on the lateral distance of each point from excavation edge. The finite element package PLAXIS 3D was used to simulate the problem after obtaining the required soil parameters by an extensive site investigation. The analysis results in general, compare well with the field observations in terms of soil displacements at the reference points, especially during the first 10 days. This finding may reveal the reliability of the analysis results at other locations in the surrounding soil.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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