MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 138, 2017The 6th International Conference of Euro Asia Civil Engineering Forum (EACEF 2017)
|Number of page(s)||14|
|Published online||30 December 2017|
Tunnel Portal Construction using Sequential Excavation Method: A Case Study
1 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Hanyang University, Seoul, South Korea
2 Department of Mining Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore, Pakistan
* Corresponding Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Portal excavation in soft rock is one of the most challenging tasks in the construction of underground facilities. Significant convergence, collapses and surface settlement are usually associated with portal construction. Alluvium is loose unconsolidated material and most often tunnels constructed through tend to destabilize. In this study, portal excavation design has been analyzed using the finite element based computer program known as Phase2. The method of top heading and benching was not a suitable approach, keeping in view the previous experience. Subsequently, a different design of sequential excavation method (SEM) was proposed. Minimum convergence, minimum surface settlement, and machinery constraints were considered to be the vital importance for selection of final design. The results of finite element method (FEM) analysis showed that the finally selected SEM design has a roof convergence of 4 mm for the heading and full face excavation has 25 mm. These values were comparable with the ones obtained from a 5-pin convergence station, installed during the portal excavation (0.5 m inside from the portal). No or very little surface settlement was shown by the numerical model and actual field observation. Consequently, a proper SEM design based on numerical modeling allowed a successful construction of a large portal in alluvial deposits.
Key words: Tunnel / portal / numerical modeling / finite element method / sequential excavation method
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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