MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 251, 2018VI International Scientific Conference “Integration, Partnership and Innovation in Construction Science and Education” (IPICSE-2018)
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Engineering and Smart Systems in Construction|
|Published online||14 December 2018|
The effect of ultrasound on the process of water softening
Moscow State University of Civil Engineering, Yaroslavskoe shosse, 26, Moscow, 129337, Russia
The application of ultrasonic vibrations in natural water conditioning technology is part of the scientific problem of using in this field of knowledge of physical methods, which also include magnetic, high-frequency, x-ray, ultraviolet, etc. Currently, ultrasonic vibrations are widely used in various industries: metallurgy, chemical, mechanical engineering, medicine, etc. Quite a wide application of ultrasound is explained by the variety of phenomena occurring in the ultrasonic field. Ultrasonic vibrations initiate dispersion and emulsification of substances, contribute to coagulation and degassing, affect the processes of crystallization and dissolution; it is known that ultrasound causes a variety of chemical transformations of the substance, among which are reactions of oxidation, reduction, polymerization, etc. the Explanation of these phenomena is found in a variety of ultrasonic effects: cavitation, shock waves, microflows, acoustic wind, etc. The schemes of ultrasonic generators are continuously improved, works on the development of methods of using ultrasound and on the search for new areas of its application are progressing.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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