MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 247, 2018Fire and Environmental Safety Engineering 2018 (FESE 2018)
|Number of page(s)
|10 December 2018
Wetting properties of aqueous short-chain alcohols’ solutions
The Main School of Fire Service, Faculty of Fire Safety Engineering, 52/54 Slowackiego St., 01-629 Warsaw, Poland
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The article presents results of research on the wetting ability of aqueous solutions of short-chain alcohols in relation to selected hydrophobic materials. Polyethylene and Teflon were used as standard hydrophobic smooth materials. Dried peat with granulation d < 0.5 mm was used as the porous hydrophobic material. Physical properties of alcohols and their solutions having a direct influence on the rate of saturation of capillary layers have been discussed. The wettability of smooth surfaces was characterized by the advancing and receding contact angles and wetting tension, defined as the product of the liquid surface tension and cosine of contact angle. The contact angles were determined by Wilhelmy’s method using the Krüss K-100 tensiometer. Wettability of peat was determined by measuring the mass rate of liquid imbibition by capillary forces. For comparison, analogous tests of wettability and capillary imbibition rates were carried out using sodium dodecyl sulfate solutions and solutions of typical wetting agent used in firefighting activities. The solutions of surfactants, in the range of concentrations used in extinguishing operations, showed much better wetting properties in relation to a smooth hydrophobic surface (polyethylene) than solutions of alcohols in the entire range of concentrations (up to 100%). The imbibition capacity of the hydrophobic peat layers of alcohol solutions with concentrations above 10% was higher than the solutions of surfactants.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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